Dachigam National Park is a beautiful park that is located in the state of Jammu and Kashmir,at a distance of about 22 km from Srinagar. Stretched over an area of about 141 sq km, the park is one of the top tourist attractions in Jammu and Kashmir. The literal meaning of the park is ‘ten villages’, which must have probably kept in the memory of the ten villages that were relocated to form this national park. In the year 1981, the region was declared as the national park.
Kashmir is a natural wonder and nature has bless this place with utmost regards and love, it is very pleasing to understand that even in erratic climatic belt, we have around 120 species of birds, numerous mammals and varied wildlife creatures. What is more amazing to understand is it has more number of sanctuary and national park. The natural vegetation around probably is the main reason behind such humble interpretation beside that classification of geographic belt and its eminence allows forest department to categorize things in a most accepted way. With an act of Forest department, the preservation of wildlife creatures have shown tremendous improvement and it is not shocking to understand that Kashmir is home to many threatened and endangered animals.
Dachigam National Park
Dachigam has a beauty without bounds and it’s a true bounty of nature where countless animals and vegetation breeds to signify the biological precedence of nature. Sprawled over an area of around 141 square kilometer, the park is located at an elevation of around 14000 ft and it was declared as National Park in 1981 but then it was under state protection from 1910. The vegetation of the Park includes riverain forest, grassland, broad leaved woodland, coniferous forest, alpine pastures etc and when it comes to wildlife creatures then it houses leopard, jackal, hill fox, yellow-throated marten, Himalayan griffon, lammergeier, leopard cat, long tailed blue magpie, jungle cat, wild boar etc. some of an endangered species living within are red deer, Orange bullfinch etc.
Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve
Nestled at a distance of around 48 km to the South west of Srinagar, the Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve is renowned for housing endangered species like musk deer. The main attractions of the reserve are Hangul, Musk Deer, Serow, Brown Bear, Leopard, Black Bear, Red fox etc. The vegetation of reserve on the other hand is very diverse and it includes conifers as a main highlight of the flora, almost 90% of entire vegetation is occupied by varied species of it and rest are shrubs, herbs etc.
Jasrota Wildlife Sanctuary
Sprawled over an area of around 10.04 square kilometer, the Jasrota Wildlife Sanctuary is located at an estuary of River Ujh. The section of flora is dominated mostly by bamboo plantation and wildlife creatures includes Cheetal, barking dear, wild boar, rhesus monkey, etc. It is not just about wildlife but Avi-fauna here is diverse and birdwatchers are sure to love a brilliance of it. Some of the renowned species of birds that traveler can look to mingle with are peafowl, red jungle fowl, jungle bush quail, green pigeon and blue rock pigeon.
Kishtwar High Altitude National Park
Located perfectly at Jammu, Srinagar road, Kishtwar High Altitude National Park as its name suggest is at an elevation of around 4800 m. Based on classification the National park has around 13 vegetation and numerous wildlife creatures within. For Birdwatchers they can expect to see around 50 vivid species of birds and animal lovers would see 15 different species of mammals. Apart from wildlife traveler can expect to go for trekking and its high altitude and steep range would certainly grace you with an opportunity of hiking.
Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary
Covering an area of around 33.24 square kilometer, the Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary is located at Ramnagar. The sanctuary is dedicated to Nandini village and its name has been derived from the same. The sanctuary earns a reputation for housing endangered species beside that it has 8 distinct species of mammals and wide variety of bird species. The vegetation of the sanctuary is dominated by woods and pines beside that the main attraction of the sanctuary are leopard, wild boar, rhesus monkey, garal, grey langur, Blue rock pigeon, Red jungle fowl, peafowl, Chir pheasants etc.