Varied topographical sheets of Himachal Pradesh demonstrates different types of landscapes that folds the altitudinal ranges along with rugged terrain which in turn has blessed this amazing state with repository of flora and fauna. It has been noticed that around 37,691 square kilometers of area is under an act of forest that means around 38.3% of total area is covered by vivid woodlands.
The conservation method over exploitation in recent years has been a successful measure of the government and they are planning to cover around 50% of total area under a provision of forest act. To conclude with the same the local people along with forest department are working on various plans and projects like nature interpretation, opening of new National parks, rain forest, rain water harvest, reforestation etc to achieve their target.
We have been talking about potency of tourism and adventurous core in Himachal but very few people are aware of the fact that an integration of nature was made possible only because of reliable preservation. An going growth in tourism could be consider as other side of active participation and with an abundance of different kind of forest and vivid wildlife the same has been imagined to grow outrageously.
It is very pleasing to understand that the state has 32 wildlife sanctuaries and 2 National Park which is enough to describe its positive marks on protection of environment, which ultimately results in sustaining the weather condition and bio diversity of the state. With over 64 different varieties of mammals, 463 of birds, 43 of reptiles and 516 of nautical lives Himachal is on with its all gun blazing to sense an occasion to define it more in numbers.
Coming down to flora than it counts 3240 species of plants and within the woody atmosphere there is every possibility for off road adventure like trekking, camping, nature walking etc.
The Great Himalaya National Park which was established in 1984 covers an area of around 1171 square kilometer and it contains around 375 different species of fauna and numerous floras. Owing to its importance and historical account the National Park has been listed under the lines of UNESCO World Heritage Site. Beside that to protect it’s undisturbed and unparallel area it has been put a supervision of strict Wildlife Protection act of 1972.
Pin Valley National Park which is located at Lahual and Spiti district is amongst the most majestic wildlife hub of Himachal Pradesh and its topographical map varies from 3500 meters to 6000 meters. The flora and fauna is mostly loomed around deserted area of Spiti valley which in turn results in developing cold biosphere reserve. The most precious thing about this National Park is an availability of Medicinal plants which comes handy in developing medicinal properties.
Sprawled over an area of around 400 hectares, the woody land of this sanctuary is lived by numerous wildlife habitats like Chital, Barking deer, Sambhar etc. Beside that it has endangered Kaliz pheasant and Red Jungle Fowl to attract traveler from every corner of the world.
Chail Sanctuary is a Himalayan abode of Wildlife and here one would have an occasion to understand the glory of Grassland which is to be found in ample within the foothills of Chail. The wildlife sanctuary covers almost 110 square kilometer and it is mostly renowned for having mammals like rhesus macaque, leopards, Indian muntjac and goral crested porcupine.
Kalatop-Khajjiar Sanctuary is an animal sanctuary located within the Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh. The sanctuary covers lesser part of area and it constitutes around 19.63 square kilometers of land. The natural vegetation of the sanctuary consists of Blue Pine, Deodar and Oak forest and when it comes to wildlife than it has Himalayan Black Marten, leopard, deer, Barking Goral, squirrel, serow, jackal, langur etc.