Located beautifully in the Sirmour district of Paonta Valley, Simbalbara Sanctuary is renowned wildlife sanctuary in Himachal Pradesh. The sanctuary covers an area of 1903 hactres and its altitude varies 400 m to 600 m. The sanctuary is home to various species of wild animals and more of all, the dense forest with picturesque view of Sal trees, grassy glades and the exotic ambiance makes it an ideal place for wildlife enthusiasts.
Varied topographical sheets of Himachal Pradesh demonstrates different types of landscapes that folds the altitudinal ranges along with rugged terrain which in turn has blessed this amazing state with repository of flora and fauna. It has been noticed that around 37,691 square kilometers of area is under an act of forest that means around 38.3% of total area is covered by vivid woodlands.
Measures of government
The conservation method over exploitation in recent years has been a successful measure of the government and they are planning to cover around 50% of total area under a provision of forest act. To conclude with the same the local people along with forest department are working on various plans and projects like nature interpretation, opening of new National parks, rain forest, rain water harvest, reforestation etc to achieve their target.
Importance of wildlife
We have been talking about potency of tourism and adventurous core in Himachal but very few people are aware of the fact that an integration of nature was made possible only because of reliable preservation. An going growth in tourism could be consider as other side of active participation and with an abundance of different kind of forest and vivid wildlife the same has been imagined to grow outrageously.
Different wildlife centre and national park around Himachal Pradesh
It is very pleasing to understand that the state has 32 wildlife sanctuaries and 2 National Park which is enough to describe its positive marks on protection of environment, which ultimately results in sustaining the weather condition and bio diversity of the state. With over 64 different varieties of mammals, 463 of birds, 43 of reptiles and 516 of nautical lives Himachal is on with its all gun blazing to sense an occasion to define it more in numbers.
Coming down to flora than it counts 3240 species of plants and within the woody atmosphere there is every possibility for off road adventure like trekking, camping, nature walking etc.
The Great Himalaya National Park
The Great Himalaya National Park which was established in 1984 covers an area of around 1171 square kilometer and it contains around 375 different species of fauna and numerous floras. Owing to its importance and historical account the National Park has been listed under the lines of UNESCO World Heritage Site. Beside that to protect it’s undisturbed and unparallel area it has been put a supervision of strict Wildlife Protection act of 1972.
Pin Valley National Park
Pin Valley National Park which is located at Lahual and Spiti district is amongst the most majestic wildlife hub of Himachal Pradesh and its topographical map varies from 3500 meters to 6000 meters. The flora and fauna is mostly loomed around deserted area of Spiti valley which in turn results in developing cold biosphere reserve. The most precious thing about this National Park is an availability of Medicinal plants which comes handy in developing medicinal properties.
Renuka Wildlife Sanctuary
Sprawled over an area of around 400 hectares, the woody land of this sanctuary is lived by numerous wildlife habitats like Chital, Barking deer, Sambhar etc. Beside that it has endangered Kaliz pheasant and Red Jungle Fowl to attract traveler from every corner of the world.
Chail Sanctuary is a Himalayan abode of Wildlife and here one would have an occasion to understand the glory of Grassland which is to be found in ample within the foothills of Chail. The wildlife sanctuary covers almost 110 square kilometer and it is mostly renowned for having mammals like rhesus macaque, leopards, Indian muntjac and goral crested porcupine.
Kalatop-Khajjiar Sanctuary is an animal sanctuary located within the Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh. The sanctuary covers lesser part of area and it constitutes around 19.63 square kilometers of land. The natural vegetation of the sanctuary consists of Blue Pine, Deodar and Oak forest and when it comes to wildlife than it has Himalayan Black Marten, leopard, deer, Barking Goral, squirrel, serow, jackal, langur etc.
Nestled beautifully amid the rugged Himalayas, Pin Valley National Park which spreads over an area of 1150 sq km is bestowed with assortment of flora and fauna. The National Park spreads over an area of 1150 sq kms and its altitude varies from 3500 to 6000 which provides suitable atmosphere for Himalayan flora and fauna to thrive. It is also known for protecting typical and endangered Snow Leopard, which is the main attraction of Pin Valley National Park.
The gorgeous Majathal wildlife sanctuary lies in the in the beautiful Indian State of Himachal Pradesh, and sprawls over an area of 39.4 square kilometers. It is an ideal tourist’s destination particularly for the wildlife enthusiast and is covered with the blanket of rich green grass. The sanctuary dwells a range of flora and fauna that are typical to the Himalayan regions.
Nestled amidst the snow capped region of Himachal Pradesh, the Maharana Pratap Sagar sanctuary is a lake sanctuary sprawling over 450 square kilometer. The sanctuary is also known as Pong dam and is a major tourist attraction particularly for the bird lovers.
Established in the year 1954, Kanwar Sanctuary nestled amid the spectacular site of Parbati Valley in Himachal Pradesh is an ideal location for wildlife enthusiasts to savor the beauty of exotic Himalayan wildlife. Wildlife lovers are presented with the opportunity to enjoy the unique combination of the rare Himalayan forest-inhabitant together with the picturesque landscape. Endowed with the rich biodiversity every visitor is thrilled with this wonderful gift of nature.
Surrounded magnificently by the majestic Himalayan Mountains by three sides, Great Himalayan National Park is the most popular wildlife sanctuary in Kullu Region in the state of Himachal Pradesh. Spread over an area of 755 sq km the national park is blessed with assortment of wildlife flora and fauna, which makes it an ideal tourist attraction of the state.
Sprawled over an area of 167 square kilometer a lateral forest reserve was turned into sanctuary in and around 1962 after considering its undeniable influence over natural habitats living within its perimeter. The silent serenity of Rampur which is located at a distance of approximately 150 km is a historic place and its chronicles defines an influential role of Bushahr royal family.
Nestled in the foothills of Himalayas, the Churdhar sanctuary is a small but beautiful wildlife reserve forest. The name of the sanctuary is derived from the Churdhar peak on which this beautiful sanctuary is situated. This Himalayan elegance challenges the wildlife buffs to explore its majestic charm and wilderness. The visitors can quench their thirst of experiencing the awe-inspiring beauty of nature and embedded with an array of different wildlife species and diverse floral vegetation.
Spread over an area of 110 sq. km, Chail Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the well maintained sanctuary and also an ideal retreat for wildlife buffs and nature lovers. The impenetrable forest, and the rich flora and fauna together with picturesque sites distinguish the sanctuary from the other. Though the sanctuary is not among the most popular one but it receives a favorable number of visitors including honeymooners.